The French Theorist Who Predicted ChatGPT In 1967 – The Creativity Guru

This is how a human creator writes, in response to French literary theorist Roland Barthes in 1967:

“The text is a multidimensional space in which a variety of writings, none of them original, mix and collide. The text is a fabric of quotes from the innumerable centers of culture… The writer can only imitate a gesture… his only power is to mix writings, to refute one with another.”

If you assume ChatGPT is not artistic, then Barthes would reply, and neither would the human creator. According to Barthes, the creator by no means writes something unique. The “author” as a lone genius is a delusion. The legendary “Author” has been changed by one author:

“The creator is meant to feed the guide, that’s, to exist, assume, endure, stay for it…earlier than or past writing it.

Roland Barthes, 1967, “The Death of the Author”, Aspen Magazine, 5-6, part 3.

With ChatGPT you’ll be able to say “write an essay on Marx’s theory of value” and ChatGPT will do amazingly properly. It does this by recording each textual content, each sentence, obtainable on the web. It places these gazillion sentences in an enormous blender and it spews out a brand new textual content composed of these bits and items of literary tradition. It is each unique and non-original. If you wrote your dissertation on Marx’s idea of worth in 1978 or 2011, ChatGPT most likely stole a small share of it. Intellectual property scientists are having a area day exploring the implications. Can you sue ChatGPT for plagiarizing your dissertation? How a couple of class motion lawsuit by all these uncited and forgotten Marxist dissertation writers of the previous 50 years? You might acknowledge considered one of your individual sentences, from web page 136 of your dissertation.

Barthes’s essay was extensively quoted and have become gospel amongst post-structuralist, post-Marxist literary theorists within the Seventies, Eighties, and Nineties (see my guide Explain creativity, 2012, pp. 333-334). Marxist theorists argue that the self is socially constructed and that there is no such thing as a actual individuality. The creator is nothing greater than a mediator, a curator, by which the large texts of tradition stream. If these theorists had been proper, then ChatGPT creates precisely the identical manner a human creator does – sorry, I imply ‘scriptor’.

This is what ChatGPT itself says. I typed within the immediate, “How does Barthe’s theory of the author as a scriptor resemble generative AI?”

“Barthes’s theory of the author as scriptor sees authorship as a process of assemblage, where authors bring existing elements together to create something new. This idea is similar to generative AI, which uses existing data sets to create something fresh or new. In both cases, existing elements are used to create something that does not fully exist before the process begins.”


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